Prof S J Forsythe

School of Science and Technology

The Nottingham Trent University

Clifton Lane

Nottingham, NG11 8NS. UK

Tel : +115 8483529; Fax : +115 8486636

Email : stephen.forsythe@ntu.ac.uk

Homepages : http://www.foodmicrobe.com/ and http://www.theagarplate.com/


Qualifications and Previous Posts:


Research Interests:


Professional memberships


Noteable other activities:

  1. FAO-WHO 3rd Workshop on Cronobacter (Enterobacter) sakazakii and follow-on formula, Washington 15-17 July, 2008. Report.
  2. FAO-WHO 2nd Workshop on Enterobacter sakazakii and Salmonella in powdered infant formula, Rome 16-20 January 2006. Report.
  3. FAO-WHO Workshop on Enterobacter sakazakii and other microorganisms in powdered infant formula, Geneva 2-5 February 2004. Report.
  4. EU Food Safety Authority (EFSA) Scientific Panel Working Group member for 'Food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC)', and 'Qualified Presumption of Safety (QPS)'.
  5. Associate Editor: BMC Microbiology, World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, and formerly for Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture,and Anaerobe.
  6. Referee: Journal of Applied Microbiology, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Biotechnology Progress, Environmental Science and Policy, International Journal of Environmental Health, IEEE Trans BioMed. Eng., Bioscience Education Electronic Journal
  7. Quality Assessor – Welsh Funding Council, 1997
  8. Initiator and Organiser of the East Midlands Food Technology Centre (formerly `East Midlands Food Hygiene Club’).
  9. Organised 15 meetings with local industry concerning hygienic food production. Meetings sponsored by private sector, FSA and ERDF.


Refereed Publications:

Kucerova, E., Clifton, S.W, Xia, X-Q, et al. (2010) Genome Sequence of Cronobacter sakazakii BAA-894 and comparative genomic hybridization analysis with other Cronobacter species. PLoS ONE 5(3): e9556.

Czerwicka, M., Forsythe S.J., Bychowska, A., Dziadziuszko, H., Kunikowska, D., Stepnowski, P., & Kaczynski, Z. (2010) Chemical structure of the O-polysaccharide isolated from Cronobacter sakazakii 767. Carbohydrate Research. In Press.

Sharp, D., Gladstone, P., Smith, R.B., Forsythe, S. & Davis, J. (2010) Approaching intelligent infection diagnostics: Carbon fibre sensor for electrochemical pyocyanin detection. Bioelectrochemistry 77: 114-119.

Baldwin, A., Loughlin, M., Caubilla-Barron, J., Kucerova, E., Manning, G., Dowson, C. & Forsythe, S. (2009) Multilocus sequence typing of Cronobacter sakazakii and Cronobacter malonaticus reveals stable clonal structures with clinical significance which do not correlate with biotypes. BMC Microbiology 9:223

Hurrell, E., Kucerova, E., Loughlin, M., Caubilla-Barron, J., Hilton, A., Armstrong, R., Smith, C., Grant, J., Shoo, S. and Forsythe, S. (2009) Neonatal enteral feeding tubes as loci for colonisation by members of the Enterobacteriaceae. BMC Infectious Diseases 9:146

Hurrell, E., Kucerova, E., Loughlin, M., Caubilla-Barron, J. & Forsythe, S.J. (2009) Biofilm formation on enteral feeding tubes by Cronobacter sakazakii , Salmonella serovars and other Enterobacteriaceae. Intl. J. Food Microbiol. In Press, available online

Osaili, T., & Forsythe, S. (2009) Desiccation resistance and persistence of Cronobacter species in infant formula. Intl J. Food Microbiol.. In Press, available online

Chap, J., Jackson, P., Siqueira, R., Gaspar, N., Quintas, C., Park, J., Osaili, T., Shaker, R., Jaradat, Z., Hartantyo, S.H.P., Abdullah Sani, N., Estuningsih, S., & Forsythe, S.J. (2009) International survey of Cronobacter sakazakii and other Cronobacter spp. in follow up formulas and infant foods. Intl J Food Microbiol. . In Press, available online

Osaili, T.M., Shaker, R.R., Ayyash, M.M., Al-Nabulsi, A.A., & Forsythe, S.J. (2009) Survival and growth of Cronobacter species (Enterobacter) sakazakii in wheat-based infant follow on formulas Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 48: 408-412

Sharp, D., Gladstone, P., Smith, R.B., Forsythe, S. & Davis, J. (2009) Approaching intelligent infection diagnostics: Carbon fibre sensor for electrochemical pyocyanin detection. Bioelectrochemistry. In Press, available online.

Townsend, S.M., Hurrell, E., Caubilla-Barron, J., Loc-Carrillo, C. and Forsythe, S.J. (2008) Characterization of an extended-spectrum beta-lactamase Enterobacter hormaechei nosocomial outbreak, and other Enterobacter hormaechei misidentified as Cronobacter (Enterobacter sakazakii) Microbiology 154: 3659-3667 URL

Shaker, R.R., Osaili, T.M., Al-Hasan, A.S.A., Ayyash, M.M, & Forsythe, S.J. (2008) Effect of desiccation, starvation, heat, and cold streses on the thermal resistance of Enterobacter sakazakii in rehydrated infant milk formula. J Food Sci 73: 354-359 URL

Townsend, S., Hurrell, E., & Forsythe, S.J. (2008) Virulence studies of Enterobacter sakazakii isolates associated with a neonatal intensive care unit outbreak. BMC Microbiol 8:64. URL

Sharp, D., Forsythe, S., & Davis, J. (2008) Carbon fibre composites: integrated electrochemical sensors for wound management. The Journal of Biochemistry; Biotechnology:Biosensors and Bioelectrics.114: 87-93 URL

Osaili, T.M., Shaker, R.R., Olaimat, A.N., Al-Nabulsi, A.A., Al-Holy, M.A., & Forsythe, S.J. (2008) Detergent and sanitizer stresses decrease the thermal resistance of Enterobacter sakazakii in infant milk formula. J. Food Science 73:154-157. URL

Caubilla-Barron, J., E. Hurrell, S. Townsend, P. Cheetham, C. Loc-Carrillo, O. Fayet, M.-F. Prere, & S.J. Forsythe (2007) Genotypic and phenotypic analysis of Enterobacter sakazakii strains from an outbreak resulting in fatalities in a neonatal intensive care unit in France. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 45: 3979-3985. URL

Townsend, S.M., E. Hurrell, I. Gonzalez-Gomez, J. Lowe, J. G. Frye, S. Forsythe & J. L. Badger (2007) Enterobacter sakazakii invades brain capillary endothelial cells, persists in human macrophages influencing cytokine secretion and induces severe brain pathology in the neonatal rat. Microbiology 153: 3538-3547. URL

Caubilla-Barron, J. & Forsythe, S. (2007) Dry stress and survival time of Enterobacter sakazakii and other Enterobacteriaceae Journal of Food Protection 70:2111-7 URL.

Iversen, C. & Forsythe, S. (2007) Comparison of media for the isolation of Enterobacter sakazakii. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 73: 48-52. URL.

Townsend, S., Caubilla-Barron, J., Loc-Carrillo, C. & Forsythe, S. (2007) The presence of endotoxin in powdered infant formula milk and the influence of endotoxin and Enterobacter sakazakii on bacterial translocation in the infant rat.Food Microbiology 24: 67-74.

On, S.L.W., Dorrell, N., Petersen, L., Bang, D.D., Morris, S., Forsythe, S., & Wren, B. (2006) Numerical analysis of DNA microarray data of Campylobacter jejuni strains correlated with survival, cytolethal distending toxin and haemolysin analyses. International Journal of Medical Microbiology 296: 353-363.

Iversen, C., Waddington, M., Farmer, J.J. III & Forsythe, S. (2006) The biochemical differentiation of Enterobacter sakazakii genotypes. BMC Microbiology 6:94 (Online).

Iversen, C, Lancashire, L, Waddington M, Forsythe S and Ball, G. (2006) Identification of Enterobacter sakazakii from closely related species: The use of Artificial Neural Networks in the analysis of biochemical and 16S rDNA data. BMC Microbiology 6: 28 (Online).

Forsythe, S. (2005) Enterobacter sakazakii and other bacteria in powdered infant milk formula. Maternal and Child Nutrition. 1:44-50. Voted Unicef Paper of the Month.

Iversen, C., Waddington, M., On, S.L.W. & Forsythe, S. (2004) Identification and phylogeny of Enterobacter sakazakii relative to Enterobacter and Citrobacter. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 42: 5368-5370 URL

Iversen, C. & Forsythe, S.J. (2004) Isolation of Enterobacter sakazakii and other Enterobacteriaceae from powdered infant formula milk and related products. Food Microbiology 21: 771-776.

Iversen, C. , Druggan, P. & Forsythe, S.J. (2004) A Selective Differential Medium for Enterobacter sakazakii. Int. J. Food Microbiology 96: 133-139.

Iversen, C., Lane, M. & Forsythe, S.J. (2004) The growth profile, thermotolerance and biofilm formation of Enterobacter sakazakii grown in infant formula milk. Lett Appl Microbiol 38: 378-382.

Iversen, C. & Forsythe, S.J. (2003) Risk profile of Enterobacter sakazakii, an emergent pathogen associated with infant milk formula. Trends in Food Science and Technology. 11: 443-454.

Gottlieb, A., Smith, A., Wheatley, A. & Forsythe, S.J. (2003) The toxicity of textile reactive azo dyes after hydrolysis and decolourisation. Journal of Biotechnology. 101: 49-56.

Walker, E., Pritchard, C. and Forsythe, S. (2003) Food handlers' hygiene knowledge in small food businesses. Food Control. 14: 339-343.

Walker, E., Pritchard, C. and Forsythe, S. (2003) Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point and prerequisite programme implementation in small and medium size food businesses. Food Control. 14: 169-174.

Hilton, C.L., Mackey, B.M., Hargreaves, A.J. and Forsythe, S.J. (2001) The recovery of Arcobacter butzleri NCTC 12481 from various temperature treatments. Journal of Applied Microbiology 91: 929-932.

Mansfield, L.P. and Forsythe, S.J. (2001) The detection of Salmonella serovars from raw chicken and animal feeds using a combined immunomagnetic separation and ELISA method. Food Microbiology 18: 361-366.

Mansfield, L.P. and Forsythe, S.J. (2001) The demonstration of the Rb1 LPS core structure in Salmonella strains using the monoclonal antibody M105. Journal of Medical Microbiology 50: 339-344.

Martin, E.B., Mansfield, L.P., Smith, A. and Forsythe, S.J. (2001) Inhibition of light emission from the bioluminescent bacterium Vibrio fischerii after exposure to triclosan and related hygiene care products. Luminescence 16:29-32.

Mansfield, L.P. and Forsythe, S.J. (2000) The detection of Salmonella using a combined immunomagnetic separation and ELISA end-detection procedure. Letters in Applied Microbiology 31:279-283.

Mansfield, L.P. and Forsythe, S.J. (2000) Arcobacter butzleri and A. cryaerophilus – newly emerging human pathogens. Reviews in Medical Microbiology 11:161-170.

Corbitt, A.J., Bennion, N. and Forsythe, S.J. (2000) Adenylate kinase amplification of ATP bioluminescence for hygiene monitoring in the food and beverage indusry. Letters in Applied Microbiology 30:443-447.

Calvert, R.M., Hopkins, H.C., Reilly, M.J. and Forsythe, S.J. (2000) Caged-ATP – an internal calibration method for ATP bioluminescence assays. Letters in Applied Microbiology 30:223-227.

Mansfield, L.P. and Forsythe, S.J. (2000) Detection of salmonellae in food. Reviews in Medical Microbiology 11:37-46.

Mansfield, L.P., Billett, E., Olsen, E. and Forsythe, S.J. (1996) Variation in Salmonella lipopolysaccharide as detected by the monoclonal antibody M105. Letters in Applied Microbiology 23:104-06.

Silley, P. and Forsythe, S.J. (1996) Impedance microbiology-a rapid change for microbiologists. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 80:233-243.

Mansfield, L. and Forsythe, S.J. (1996) Collaborative ring-trial of Dynabeads Anti-Salmonella for immunomagnetic separation of stressed Salmonella cells from herbs and spices. International Journal of Food Microbiology 29:41-47.

Safarik, I., Safarika, M. and Forsythe, S. (1995) The application of magnetic separations in applied microbiology. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 78:575-585.

Metheringham, R., Griffiths, L., Crooke, H., Forsythe, S. and Cole, J. (1995) An essential role for DsbA in cytochrome c synthesis and formate-dependent nitrite reduction by E. coli K-12. Archives of Microbiology 164:301-307.

Dziadkowiec, D., Mansfield, L.P. and Forsythe, S.J. (1995) Comparison of Salmonella isolation with immunomagnetic separation and conventional enrichment techniques. Letters in Applied Microbiology 20: 361-364.

Sweeney, E.A., Chipman, J.K. and Forsythe, S.J. (1994) Evidence for direct acting oxidative genetic toxicity by reduction products of azo dyes. Environmental Health Perspectives102: 119-122.

Mansfield, L and Forsythe, S J (1993) Immunomagnetic separation as an alternative to enrichment broths for Salmonella detection. Letters in Applied Microbiology 16,122-125.

Parmar, N., Easter, M.C., and Forsythe, S.J.(1992) The detection of Salmonella Enteritidis and Salmonella Typhimurium using immunomagnetic separation and conductance microbiology. Letters in Applied Microbiology 15,175-178.

Forsythe, S.J. (1990) The rapid detection of direct-acting DNA mutagens by electrical impedance with a DNA repair-deficient strain of Escherichia coli. Letters in Applied Microbiology 11, 30-32.

Brew, F. and Forsythe, S. (1990) The rapid nitrosation of 2,3-diaminonaphthalene by gastric isolates of Neisseria subflava. Letters in Applied Microbiology 10, 39-42.

Forsythe, S.J.,Dolby, J.M., Webster, A.D.B. and Cole, J.A. (1988) Nitrate- and nitrite-reducing bacteria in the achlorhydric stomach. Journal of Medical Microbiology 25, 253-259.

Forsythe, S.J. and Cole, J.A. (1987) Nitrite accumulation during anaerobic nitrate reduction by binary suspensions of bacteria isolated from the achlorhydric stomach. Journal of General Microbiology 133, 1845-1849.

Forsythe, S.J. and Parker, D.S. (1985) Ammonia-nitrogen turnover in the rabbit caecum and exchange with plasma urea-N. British Journal of Nutrition 54, 285-292.

Forsythe, S.J. and Parker, D.S. (1985) Urea turnover and transfer to the digestive tract in the rabbit. British Journal of Nutrition 53, 183-190.

Forsythe S.J. and Parker, D.S. (1985) Nitrogen metabolism by the microbial flora of the rabbit caecum. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 58, 363-369.

Books

S.J. Forsythe (2010) The Microbiology of safe Food, 2nd Edition. URL. This book also has online updates.

J. Farber, & S.J. Forsythe (Eds) (2008) Enterobacter sakazakii. ASM Press. URL

S.J. Forsythe (2002) The Microbiological Risk Assessment of Food. Blackwell Publishing. Also available in Brazilian Portuguese, and simplied Chinese.

S.J. Forsythe (2000) 'The Microbiology of Safe Food' . Blackwell Sciences Published Summer 2000. This book also has online updates. Also available in Brazilian Portuguese, Spanish, and simplied Chinese.

S.J. Forsythe & P.R. Hayes (1998) Third Edition. Plenum-Kuvier (formerly Aspen) Publication. Also available in Spanish.

Book chapters

Fanning, S. & Forsythe, S.J. (2007) Isolation and identification of Enterobacter sakazakii. Chapter 2 in J. Farber, & S.J. Forsythe (Eds) (2007) Enterobacter sakazakii. ASM Press.

Townsend, S., & Forsythe, S.J. (2007) The neonatal intestinal microbial flora, immunity, and infections. Chapter 3 in J. Farber, & S.J. Forsythe (Eds) (2007) Enterobacter sakazakii. ASM Press.

Forsythe, S.J. (2006) Arcobacter. In 'Emerging foodborne parthogens. Ed. Motarjemi, Y. & Adams, M. Woodhead Publishing.

Forsythe, S.J. (2002) Advances in the microbial decolourisation of textile dyes in waste water. Society of Dyers and Colourists.

Corry, J., Mansfield, L.P. and Forsythe, S.J. (2002) Culture media for the detection of Campylobacter and related organisms'. In 'Culture media for Food Microbiology'. Ed. JEL Corry, GDW Curtis & R. Baird, Elsevier Science.

Bardos, R.P. Forsythe, S.J. & Westlake, K. (1996) The co-treatment of municipal and industrial wastes. In `The Science of Composting' Part 2. Ed. Bertoldi, et al. Chapman & Hall.

Druggan, P. Forsythe, S.J., & Silley, P. (1993) `Indirect impedance for microbial screening in the food and beverage industry’. In `Applications of new techniques in food and beverage microbiology', editor R. Kroll and A. Gilmour, SAB Technical Series No. 31. Academic Press.

Forsythe, S.J. (1991) `Methods for biochemical studies’. Chapter 7, pp121-143. In `Anaerobic Microbiology. A Practical Approach’. Ed. P.N. Levett. IRL Press.

Unrefereed publications

Druggan, P., & Forsythe, S. (2008) A new culture media method for differentiating Cronobacter (Enterobacter) sakazakii strains based on recognition of self, and non-self. Foodmicrobe2008, Aberdeen.

Caubilla-Barron, J. & Forsythe, S. (2007) Artifical neural networkand analysis of MALDI-TOFdata for the discrimination of Citrobacter koseri from other closely related Enterobacteriaceae. SGM Spring Conference, Edinburgh.

Hurrell, E.C. & Forsythe, S. (2007) Production of bacterial biofilms by Enterobacter sakazakii and other Enterobacteriaceae on neonatal feeding tubes. IAFP, Orlando, FL.

Townsend, S., Hurrell, E.C., Caubilla-Barron, J. & Forsythe, S. (2007) Characteristics and virulence of Enterobacter sakazakii from a neonatal intensive care unit outbreak. IAFP, Orlando, FL.

Rowe, C.L., Philips, C., & Forsythe, S. (2007) Determination of a growth advantage in stationary phase (GASP) in three strains of A. butzleri . 14th Intl Workshop on CHRO, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Townsend, S., Gonzalez-Gomez, I., Forsythe, S. & Badger, J. (2006) Comparative characterization of Enterobacter sakazakii cluster groups brain pathology in the infant rat and macrophage cytokine expression profiles. 106thASM General Meeting, Orlando, FL.

Hurrell, E., Townsend, S. & Forsythe, S.J. (2006) Comparative virulence of Enterobacter sakazakii with other Enterobacteriaceae. 106thASM General Meeting, Orlando, FL.

Caubilla-Barron, J. & Forsythe, S.J. (2006) Long-term persistence and recovery of Enterobacter sakazakii and other Enterobacteriaceae from powdered infant milk formula. 106thASM General Meeting, Orlando, FL.

Loc-Carrillo, C., Fayet, O., Caubilla-Barron, J., Prere, M-f & Forsythe, S.J. (2006) Fatal outbreak of Enterobacter sakazakii in a neonatal intensive care unit; retrospective 1994 study. 106thASM General Meeting, Orlando, FL.

Rose, C.L., Phillips, C.A. & Forsythe, S. (2005) The effect of different temperature regimes on three strains of Arcobacter butzleri. 13thCHRO Workshop, Gold Coast, Australia.

Iversen, C., Druggan, P., Stephens, P. & Forsythe, S.J. (2005) Isolation of Enterobacter sakazakii using combined selective and differential enrichment broth and agar. 92ndIAFP, Baltimore, MA.

Caubilla-Barron, J., Loc-Carrillo, C., Townsend, S., Druggan, P. & Forsythe, S.J. (2005) Endotoxin levels in powder infant milk formula and the translocation of Enterobacter sakazakii from the intestines. 105thASM General Meeting, Atlanta, GE.

Iversen, C., Townsend, S., Druggan, P. & Forsythe, S.J. (2005) Comparison of methods for the isolation of Enterobacter sakazakii. 105thASM General Meeting, Atlanta, GE.

Iversen, C., Lancashire, L., Ball, G. & S J Forsythe (2005) Identification of Enterobacter sakazakii from closely related species: the use of Artificial Neural Networks in the analysis of biochemical and 16S rDNA data. 105thASM General Meeting, Atlanta, GE.

Iversen, C., Hyun Park, J., Caubilla Barron, J., Hargreaves, A. and Forsythe, S.J.(2005) Isolation, characterisation and virulence of Enterobacter sakazakii from Korean infant foods. SGM Meeting, Edinburgh.

Iversen, C., Lazar Adler, N., and Forsythe, S.J.(2004) Virulence factors of Enterobacter sakazakii. 104th ASM General Meeting, New Orleans, LA.

Druggan, P., Forsythe, S.J., Iversen, C. and Roberts, P. (2004) The Druggan-Forsythe-Iversen agar (DFI), a chromogenic medium for the detection fo Enterobacter sakazakii. 104th ASM General Meeting, New Orleans, LA.

Iversen, C., Caubilla Barron, J. and Forsythe, S.J.(2004) Isolation of Enterobacter sakazakii, Enterobacteriaceae and other microbial contaminants from powdered infant formula milk and related products. 104th ASM General Meeting , New Orleans, LA.

Caubilla Barron, J., Iversen, C. and Forsythe, S.J. (2004) The desiccation survival of Enterobacter sakazakii and related Enterobacteriaceae. 104th ASM General Meeting, New Orleans, LA.

Iversen, C., Dale, H., Druggan, P., Waddington, M., Crawford, J. and Forsythe, S.J.(2004) The identification of Enterobacter sakazakii using partial 16S sequencing and biochemical techniques. 104th ASM General Meeting, New Orleans, LA.

Loc-Carrillo, C., Waddington, M., Liu, X. and Forsythe, S.J.(2004) Phylogenetic relationship of Enterobacter sakazakii and related organisms. 104th ASM General Meeting, New Orleans, LA.

Druggan, P., Forsythe, S.J. and Iversen, C. (2003) Isolating an emerging food-borne pathogen: Enterobacter sakazakii. The International Union of Microbiological Societies International Committee on Food Microbiology and Hygiene (ICFMH), Working Party For Culture Media (WPCM), ICFMH - WPCM Worshop, Ljbljana, Sunday, 29th June 2003.

On, S.L.W., Dorrell, N., Petersen, L., Bang, D.D., Morris, S., Forsythe, S.J., Ussery, D.W., Wren, B.W. (2003) "The successful clone" revealed: genetic and phenotypic characteristics distinguish "low" and "high" risk Campylobacter jejuni strains. CHRO 2003 Denmark.

Morris, S., Hargreaves, A. and Forsythe, S.J. (2003)Characterisation of hemolysin produced by Campylobacter jejuni and Arcobacter butzleri CHRO , Denmark.

Wooldridge, K., Jones, M., Morris, S., Carrasco, M., Powell, H., Forsythe, S. and Ala'Aldeen, D.(2003) Two toxin-related genes of C. jejuni have a role in colonisation of the chicken. CHRO , Denmark.

Iversen, C., Hagreaves, A. and Forsythe, S.J. (2003) Growth rates and D-values of Enterobacter sakazakii in five suspending media. American Society for Microbiology 103rd Meeting,, Washington.

Hilton, C., Mackey, B. and Forsythe, S.J. (2000) The temperature response of Arcobacter butzleri NCTC 12481. Society for Applied Microbiology, Strathclyde.

Mansfield, L.P., Holmes, K., Spears, K., Hargreaves, A. and Forsythe, S.J. (2000) Studies on the cell membrane of Arcobacter species from veterinary, water and human sources and the localisation of possible cytotoxins. Society for Applied Microbiology, Strathclyde.

Holmes, K., Spears, K., Hargreaves, Ward, F.B. & Forsythe, S. (1999) The detection of cholera-like toxin from C. jejuni NCTC 11351. Society for General Microbiology, Leeds.

Forsythe, S.J. & Westlake, K. (1995) Landfill microbiology: implications for waste management. Waste Management and Recycling International , pp.59-62.

Forsythe, S.J. (1995) Listeria hysteria. Infections p12. March issue.

Hard, D., Allan, S. & Forsythe, S.J. (1995) The use of impedance to measure the affect of heavy metals on soil microorganisms. Society for General Microbiology, Aberdeen.

Kennerley, V. & Forsythe, S.J. (1995) The bioremediation of textile waste water. Society for General Microbiology, Aberdeen.

Mansfield, L.P. & Forsythe, S.J. (1994) Collaborative ring-trial of antiSamonella magnetic beads. Diagnostics Club, Slough.

Mansfield, L.P., Peters, W & Forsythe, S.J. (1993) The resuscitation of sub-lethally injured Salmonella by immunomagnetic separation. Society for General Microbiology, Exeter.

Mansfield, L.P., Maquire, P. & Forsythe, S.J. (1993) Ring-trial of anti-Salmonella Dynabead immunomagnetic separation. Seventh International Congress on Rapid Methods and Automation in Microbiology and Immunology (RAMI'93), London.

Invited Lectures

Desiccation and persistence of Cronobacter spp. in infant formula. Dublin, Jan 2009, London.

Cronobacter spp. (Enterobacter sakazakii) and infant formula. Society for Applied Microbiology, Winter Meeting, Jan 2009, London.

JEMRA Risk Model for Cronobacter spp. (Enterobacter sakazakii).Cniel Colloquium : Appreciation quantitative des risques dans la filiere laitiere. October, Paris.

Enterobacter sakazakii and neonatal infection (2008) 75th Annual Meeting of Korean Society of Food Science and Technology, Gwangju City, Korea.

Enterobacter sakazakii - Risk Model (2007) Society for Risk Analysis, Texas.

Enterobacter sakazakii detection methods (2004) IAFP Conference Pheonix, Arizona.

Druggan-Forsythe-Iversen agar (DFI), a chromogenic agar for the selective isolation of the emergent pathogen Enterobacter sakazakii (2004) Microbiological Methods Group. Chorleywood and Chippen Campden Research Institute, UK.

Enterobacter sakazakii an emergent pathogen with red herrings. Food Microbiology Seminar. Oxoid Awards Ceremony.

Microbiological Risk Assessment; what is it and how is it applied; Malaysia, February 2004.

Rapid methods, their role in HACCP validation and the application of IMS for foodborne pathogens (Salmonella, Listeria, etc). At III International FUNDISA Seminar on Food Safety: "TODAY' S TECHNOLOGIES TO GUARANTEE FOOD SAFETY", Madrid, October 8 and 9th 2003

Emerging food and water pathogens (2001) 11th World Congress of Food Science & Technology, 22-27th April, 2001. Seoul, Korea.

Advances in cost-effective colour removal (2000) Reducing textile effluent costs through biotechnology, Bio-Wise.

Arcobacter, newly emergent foodborne pathogy (2000) (PDF) Please contact me (stephen.forsythe@ntu.ac.uk) if you have trouble downloading the file) Society for General Microbiology, Warwick University.

University for Food and Life; virtual or a reality (2000) (PDF) Please contact me (stephen.forsythe@ntu.ac.uk) if you have trouble downloading the file. Society for General Microbiology, Warwick University.

Food Safety Assurance in the EU (2000).(PDF) Please contact me (stephen.forsythe@ntu.ac.uk) if you have trouble downloading the file. Proceedings of 2000 Food Safety Cooperative International Symposium `Effective Food Safety regulatory system toward 21 century’. February 25, 2000 Seoul, National University, Seoul, Korea.

Caged-ATP, a novel internal standard for ATP bioluminescence. (1999) Microbiological Methods Group. Chorleywood and Chippen Campden Research Institute, UK.

Bioremediation of textile wastewater (1999). Berlin University, Germany.

Various lectures including 'Rationale, elaboration and use of reference ranges for target organisms' and 'Rapid detection methods' at 'Total Quality Assurance and Quality Management' training course module 8, at Delft University of Technology (The Netherlands).

CACE (1998) `Bacteria in my food! What’s new?’ The Nottingham Trent University.

Waste Biotreatment Club (1997) Aspects of microbial decolourisation of textile waste water.

J.Sainsbury (1996) Impedance microbiology in end-product testing.

Leatherhead Research Association (1995) Impedance as a research tool.

Dairy Society (1995) Cost effective detection of micro-organisms.

Society for Applied Microbiology (1994) Use of impedance for genotoxicity screening. Heriott Watt University, Edinburgh.

Society for Dairy Technology 1994. Salmonella, Listeria and E. coli...why worry? Sutton Bonington, Nottingham.

Society for Anaerobic Microbiology (1993), Reductase enzymes in Bacteroides fragilis, Bradford University.

RABIT Users Group Meeting (1992): Rapid detection of Salmonella from food.

Institute for Microbiology, Wroclaw University (1992) A review of microbial cellulase activity.

Leeds Metropolitain University (1991) Workshop on impedance microbiology.

Microbial physiology research group, Kings College London (1990) Bacterial nitrosation and stomach cancer.

First Malthus Users Symposia, Coventry (1989) The rapid detection of mutagens.

London School for Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (1988). Aspects of respiration by anaerobic bacteria.

Conference Meeting Organisation

‘Safe Food’ 14th June, 2000. Full-day conference. Key speaker from Food Standards Agency.

`Managing the Cold Food Chain for Quality and Safety’ 27th March 1999.Full-day conference. Ready-to-Use European Research presentation, sponsored by Flair-Flow European program.

Organised 15 meetings with local industry concerning hygienic food production. Meetings sponsored by private sector, FSA and ERDF.

Consultancy and Other Research Activities

Environmental Resources Ltd., Dynal (UK) Ltd., Merck Ltd., Biotrace Ltd., Rhone-Poulenc, Kroll Associates, AIG Europe, Delta Biotechnology.